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Skin Disease In Children

0-19 Age Skin Diseases with Diagnosis and Treatment

Parents naturally worry when they encounter a problem with their children’s skin. Being conscious and taking precautions against certain situations is important at this point and in what circumstances it should be known to seek medical advice. Dermatology Specialist Filiz Altıoğlu Çığ, gave important information Sözcü Hayat readers about the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases. Skin diseases are common health problems in the society and vary by age. It is also quite common in children. Turkey constitutes for 25,3% of the 2012 population in the 0-19 age group. Although childhood skin diseases are well known, the prevalence, age, and gender distribution of these diseases is not comprehensive and satisfactory. To mention the most frequent diseases in this age range, we can roughly list the most common skin diseases from infancy to childhood;

Diaper Dermatitis

It is seen in an average of one baby of three babies. The most important reasons are; Sensitive baby stools, stools, microorganisms in the urine and excessive moisturey of the area. Particular attention should be paid to to the mother’s food during the breastfeeding period, frequent replacement of the baby’s bedding, washing of the baby’s butt with clear water if possible, and careful use of the product compatible with the skin. The creams used should be applied in a very thin layer instead of yoghurt consistency.

Seboreik Dermatitis

It is a disorder with a frequency that can be accepted as almost physiological, which is the result of overworking of the cells that are responsible for the production of oil, which is manifested by yellow or white crust on the baby’s skin. Baby oil or olive oil is applied and left for half an hour before bathing, rarely a soft toothbrush can be used for cleaning. It’s a non-permanent disease.

Heat Spots(Miliaria)

Sweat is a disease to go with itching and redness caused by the clogging of pores in the air, the result of excessive sweating. Easily visible in all age groups. Treatment; often by washing, removing the sweat and using comfortable clothes.

Congenital Spots

Mongol speckle; Especially in the waist and hips, is a blue-colored black leather level and has nothing to do with the mongol. In addition, spots and swelling on the spine should definitely be shown to a doctor.

Strawberry Or Wine Spot  (Hemangioms)

They are spots that can be characterized by the growth and expansion of the blood vessels under the skin, at the level of the skin or deeply swollen. They can usually grow up to 1 year old, most of them back to 7 years old. However, hemangiomas around the eyes and mouth should be shown to a specialist early intervention, prevent complications

Eczema

In studies showed, it is the most common skin disease among the childhood age group. It is seen high frequency in childrens which have got Familial history, asthma and allergic rhinitis histories In all age groups, distribution can be seen with minor differences in locations. Allergens that come into contact with prickly skin cause irritability due to itching and redness in children. It is beneficial to protect the skin of such prone children from damage, dryness and allergies. Especially in the spring and winter months when the air becomes even dryer can worsen this situation. Moisturizing the skin with plenty of water, moistening the rooms, using soaps and shampoos for atopic skin are the precautions need to be taken. Children who can not relax with moisturizers should definitely be shown to a dermatologist.

Acne

It is mostly seen in adolescence, rarely in infancy and childhood. Acnes seen during infancy can be caused by maternal or rarely caused by a problem of the baby’s own hormonal system. It is beneficial to have a medical examination to determine the exact cause. In childhood, it is a great way to wash your face regularly with appropriate cleaners at home to relieve acne. Paper towels should be used for disposable use. If you can not use oral tablets by your age, you can get very good results with regular skin care, peeling and creams, which your doctor has prescribed.

Infectious Diseases

The most common diseases in this group are those related to viruses. Wart, herpes, chickenpox, hand-foot-mouth disease enters this group. Developed by bacteria: Impetigo and other soft tissue infections which are seen on the face of red-yellow crustacean. Fungus-related diseases: more seen in the hair skin  Rarely is seen between the toes, nails and body. The most important parasitic diseases are pediculosys İt holds the most hair in child age group, the treatment is mechanically cleaned (nit and lice), and the lice shampoos are used once and if necessary after 1 week. All these diseases should be treated at the physician’s control.

Color Change Disorders

This group is most commonly seen between 6 and 11 years of age. The absence of color-forming cells in the body, first called Vitiligo; It is a disease that shows itself with white color and color change. The disease enhanced seriously by stress, can be regressed spontaneously or can be helped by a specialist. Facial eczema; A kind of eczema called Pitriac Alba is a discomfort that goes on in the dark boys, sometimes in the color of the face skin in summer. Sun protection and abundant moisturization help alleviate.

Hair Disease

In childhood age group hair diseases are rarely seen. Among them, the most visible is called “Alopesia areata” just like money loss. The cause, especially may be stress, rarely thyroid diseases, diabetes, rheumatic diseases.  Rarely, structural abnormalities of the hair and general shedding based on a more systemic cause can also be seen.

Urticaria ( Rash)

Mostly seen in adults but rarely in childhood age group. İt can hold every part of body. It can be itchy, showing itself at the level of the skin or in raised patches, and the involvement of the face and the lips is urgent. The treatment must be done at the doctor’s control. The most important reasons are foods, medicines, infections. Insect bites are also a kind of urticaria. Allergy can become widespread with the dissemination of the body secreted by the insect bite, especially the bite area.

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